Hoist Pre-Operational Safety Inspection Part 2: The Difference Between Frequent and Periodic Hoist Inspections

Hoist Pre-Operational Safety Inspection Part 2: The Difference Between Frequent and Periodic Hoist Inspections

This article is Part 2 of a 7-part blog series that will cover what operators should consider when performing a pre-operational hoist safety inspection. Today, we’ll discuss the difference between Frequent and Periodic hoist inspections.

There are two classes of hoist inspections: Frequent Inspections and Periodic Inspections.

Frequent Hoist Inspections

Frequent Hoist Inspections are what we refer to as Pre-Operational Inspections. These are the inspections we do between the Periodic Inspections. You do not need to maintain records of these inspections. We recommend that Frequent or Pre-Operational Inspections are conducted at the start of every shift to ensure the hoist is in safe working order. Frequent inspections allow you to determine if anything is wrong with the hoist before lifting a load.

Periodic Hoist Inspections

Periodic Inspections are thorough, detailed inspections that may require complete disassembly of the hoist. These inspections are conducted based on the hoist service (how often the hoist is used) as well as in which environment they are used. You must have a documented history of hoist inspection. Periodic inspections are required by OSHA, ASME and the manufacturers. Periodic inspections are written, documented inspections that you are required to keep on file to ensure your equipment is safe to use.

The type of service determines the inspection schedule.

Hoist Inspection Schedule
If you find a lot of issues with a hoist during a Periodic Inspection:

  • You may need to increase the number of inspections you conduct each year.
  • Your operators may need to be trained to ensure they are using the hoist correctly. Hoists should not be damaged if they are being used properly.

While inspection records don’t need to be maintained for Frequent (Pre-Operational) Inspections, a pre-operational checklist can serve as a quick reference when conducting these inspections. The checklist provides a step-by-step guideline of essential items that should be checked during a Pre-Operational Inspection.

Although everything on this checklist may not pertain to every hoist, it is a good reminder of what to look for. The checklist does not NEED to be filled out before every shift. Even so, many companies require it to ensure operators are doing these checks and doing them correctly. We suggest that you laminate and zip tie the checklist to the hoist pendant, or somewhere on the hoist, to remind the operator to do it. Download the checklist here.

For expert inspection and service needs, visit www.cmworks.com to locate a Columbus McKinnon Certified Hoist Technician or Authorized Warranty Center in your area.

hoist inspections

Additional Resources:

Hoist Pre-Operational Safety Inspection Part 1: Safety Standards and Regulations


Peter Cooke

Peter Cooke is a former Training Manager for Columbus McKinnon Corporation, having specialized in Rigging & Load Securement.

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3 Replies to “Hoist Pre-Operational Safety Inspection Part 2: The Difference Between Frequent and Periodic Hoist Inspections”

  1. We suggest documenting every inspection but otherwise a great article on hoist inspection frequency. Would this change be dependent on the crane system or is it more load based?

    Rod Salm

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