OSHA update: Facts about Current Sling Regulations

35 comments

by  on February 19, 2015

February 19, 2015  Today, we are posting updates to this blog article originally posted in 2011. This article continues to be one of our most visited, and we feel it our duty to keep this very important safety information up to date.

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The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has the following regulations for slings:

  • 1910.184 (general industry)
  • 1915.122
  • 1915.113
  • 1915.118 (for shipyard employment)
  • 1926.251 (construction)

Effective June 8, 2011, all slings, chain, synthetic & wire rope, are required to have identification tags/labels permanently attached to them. This regulation applies to slings sold and used in the United States.

Historically, companies did not require wire rope slings to have permanently affixed identification tags/labels on them; it was not required per OSHA 1910.184. This has since changed. Tags/labels are now required.

Also, original load capacity tables found in the OSHA standards were based on information found in ASME B30.9 dating back to 1971.  New tables reflect the current industry standards for working load limits for slings, chain, and synthetic or wire rope.

Changes include:

  • All load charts for slings have been updated to current industry standards.
  • All slings, regardless if made of chain, wire rope or synthetic, must be marked with a tag/label. Now only properly tagged/labeled slings can be used.
  • Slings with detached tags/labels must be removed from service until new tags/labels can be permanently reattached.

To view the OSHA changes made in 2011 in its entirety or to download a copy go to: http://www.osha.gov/FedReg_osha_pdf/FED20110608.pdf

For information on Rigging training, please click here.

{ 32 comments… read them below or add one }

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna January 9, 2017 at 8:06 am

Hi Sean,
Yes. The reason is the chain sling itself falls under ASME B30.9 for slings, which states all slings must be identified with a tag, and the tags must be legible.

As for the plate clamp, it falls under ASME B30.20, below the hook lifters. This standard states that the plate clamp also must have legible tagging to identify the clamp & capacity. So the manufacturer of this lifting system has combined two different standards into one device, which is acceptable.
But as an inspector, you should know the difference between the two.

Thank you for your question.
Henry

Sean Wheatley December 28, 2016 at 2:35 pm

If you have a 1 leg chain sling with a tag up on the master and you have a renfroe plate clamp connected on the other end… Does it matter if the manufacturer tag that gives the capacity and model number has been torn off? Or even iledgible ?.. is that something that would deem this chain sling out of service? Thank u

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna December 8, 2016 at 2:44 pm

Hi Sean,
As per OSHA 1910.184, a wire rope sling must have legible identification. If there is no identification, the sling does not meet OSHA 1910.184.
Your inspection will start with the tag. The tag tells you what you’re looking at. The two must match. If they don’t match, the inspection is over.
So ask yourself, without a tag how do you know what the sling capacity, size, length & attachments are?
Here is a link of the OSHA requirements for slings that may assist you: http://owl.li/fYzo306WGrX

1910.184(f)(1) Sling use.
Employers must use only wire-rope slings that have permanently
affixed and legible identification markings as prescribed by the
manufacturer and that indicate the recommended safe working load
for the type(s) of hitch(es) used, the angle.

Henry

Sean Wheatley December 1, 2016 at 9:45 pm

When inspecting wire rope slings.. if they are older slings with out tags of any kind.. are they so to say grand fathered in from back when tags did not to be on them? And can they still be left in service or do they need to be taken out?

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna October 17, 2016 at 6:26 pm

Hi Terry,
The orientation of sling tags is not mentioned in any of the standards.
It is a best practice to keep them away from the load as much as possible to keep them from being damaged.
Henry

Terry Ennis October 15, 2016 at 9:19 pm

Are sling identifacation tags required to be up?

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna August 15, 2016 at 10:08 am

Hello Erick,

The standard for slings is ASME B30.9
It states that when a periodic inspection is done, that inspection shall be recorded.
Frequent inspections, which are normally daily inspections, do not have to be recorded.
As for load testing any rigging gear, slings included, you only have to do a load test when that gear is repaired, replaced or altered.
When load tests are done they also shall be recorded.

Henry

Erick Solis August 8, 2016 at 6:28 pm

Renier & Henry

I’ve a question regarding the load test for used rigging equipment

You posted that you make every 6 month load test for your equipment? Does it exists and standard for that?

Thanks

Sam June 8, 2016 at 6:38 pm

Is there any specification that stipulates that round slings need to be taken out-of-service after 10 years since manufacture date? Or, as long as the inspection process is done properly and the unit passes, it’s still fine to use?

Thanks,

S.

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna April 18, 2016 at 11:04 am

Hello Erik,
Your use of the word lanyard indicates to me that you are manufacturing safety harnesses for people.
Unfortunately I can’t help you with that.
If you are manufacturing slings for lifting, I would go to the WSDTA, Web Sling Tie Down Association http://www.wstda.com/
WSTDA writes the standards for the manufacture, testing & use of synthetic slings.
If you visit their website, the standards are there & can be downloaded at no cost.
I hope this helps you.
Henry

Erik Johnson April 15, 2016 at 2:34 pm

Good morning Henry,
Our company wants to start manufacturing our own custom web lanyards. What specifications are required for us to adhere to, and where can they be found. I have searched OSHA and they are for safe use of lanyards, not building them. ANSI and ISO won’t let me browse for the correct specs unless I buy the whole thing.

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna March 4, 2016 at 9:56 am

Hi Andrew,
If the place where you purchased your slings from will not retag them for you, then you are stuck. No one else will do it because they aren’t the original manufacturer.

For additional reference, please read our blog post on this subject: http://blog.cmworks.com/missing-chain-sling-id-tags-who-is-to-blame/

Henry

Andrew March 3, 2016 at 2:22 pm

Henry,

Trying to get our slings retagged since you can’t read them anymore, but manufacturer we purchase them from will not do it. What I was wondering is if they can be retagged and how?

Thanks
Andrew

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna March 2, 2016 at 10:09 am

Hello Henry,

The Web Sling and Tie Down Association (WSTDA) writes the standards for synthetics. The info that you are requesting can be found on their website: http://www.wstda.com/ You can download any of the synthetic standards that apply to you for free.

Henry

HENRY March 1, 2016 at 12:07 pm

Henry,

what are the standards on replacing a web sling? is there so much on a abrasion or cut that is still eligible? What ever the answer is may you send me a link to that information?

thanks

Anthony Alessi Anthony Alessi February 24, 2016 at 4:21 pm

Hi Jim,

Thanks for your question. Please know that straps used for overhead lifting are not rated for people. Please refer to the following regulation: ANSI Z359 Fall Protection Code, 2007.

Tony

jim allen February 23, 2016 at 5:11 pm

1st time to your page thx. Its info i can use. Question. plz what is the reg regarding use of lifting straps as saftey or beam straps to support humans?

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna February 8, 2016 at 3:00 pm

Frank,
One final thing, if you are planning to do inspections on shackles, I would recommend that you get your hands on a copy of ASME B30.26. Here is a link to where you can purchase it: https://www.asme.org/products/codes-standards/rigging-hardware-(1)
Henry

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna February 8, 2016 at 2:09 pm

Hello Frank,
Shackles are covered by ASME B30.26 Rigging Hardware.
As such they are required to have a manufacturer or trademark, size & WLL/capacity rating.
When one or more of those items is not present or illegible the shackle must be removed from service.
I copied the section that applies to shackles from ASME B30.26

ASME B30.26 – Rigging Hardware
CHAPTER 26-1 SHACKLES – Selection, Use, and Maintenance

26-1.8.4 Removal Criteria. Shackles shall be removed from service if damage such as the following is visible and shall only be returned to service when approved by a qualified person:
(a) missing or illegible manufacturer’s name or trademark and/or rated load identification,
(b) indications of heat damage including weld spatter or arc strikes,
(c) excessive pitting or corrosion,
(d) bent, twisted, distorted, stretched, elongated, cracked or broken load bearing components,
(e) excessive nicks or gouges,
(f) a 10% reduction of the original or catalog dimension at any point around the body or pin,
(g) incomplete pin engagement,
(h) excessive thread damage,
(i) evidence of unauthorized welding,
(j) other conditions including visible damage that cause doubt as to the continued use of the shackle.

Henry

Frank February 8, 2016 at 12:19 pm

Hello, I work in NY city. We have been coming across rigging equipment i.e. sorting hooks, shackles and master links that have the word “CHINA” stamped on them. There is some question as to the quality of these items as some claim they are of lesser quality that say those of Crosby as an example. My question to you is, do you know of anything in writing by way of code or standard that states the “manufacturers” name must be stamped on the rigging equipment? I know the SWL and other lifting nomenclature is required. Our insurance carrier mentioned this due to potential law suits stemming from possible failure of our rigging equipment. Knowing the name of the manufacturer would help in subrogating a claim. Thank you in advance on any info you can provide. Best, Frank

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna March 19, 2015 at 10:43 am

Hello Selwyn,
I would like to thank you for the information. You are right – the standards change wherever you go.
The bottom line is that we want to be as safe as possible with all of our lifting equipment. So being knowledgeable of the local, federal or the industrial standards that apply in the area we are operating in, will help keep people safe.
Thank you again for your comments.
Henry

Selwyn March 18, 2015 at 9:59 am

Hi Henry,
I am in South africa, and in the lifting game for 30 years. WE have strict legislation and regulations here regarding indentifcation of all lifting equipment and tackle. Our legislation is known as Occupational Health and Safety Act(OHSACT) and we fall under DMR 18. All equipment has to identified via tags or indentations, as well as a register is to be kept and signed. Quarterly visual inspections are to be carried out, and a full inspection and load test is to be carried out annual on lifting machines. Lifting tackle is subjected to 3 monthly visuals.
All our lifting machine inspectors have to be registered with Engineering Council of SA, which is a government requirement.
Thought it might be interesting to other parties abroad.
Differs wherever you go.
Selwyn Low

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna October 3, 2013 at 12:46 pm

Hello Henry,

The best thing to do is to contact the manufacturer of the slings & see if they are willing to place a tag on the sling.
If they are willing to tag the slings, after they inspect them, then you should have no issues.

Henry

Henry October 2, 2013 at 11:20 am

Henry

How do I get a bunch of steel slings from different manufactures inspected and retagged?

Thanks, Henry

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna April 22, 2013 at 10:01 am

Hello Eduardo,
If the line you are speaking of is a winch cable, then we recommend that you contact that manufacturer for recommendations.
If it is the wire rope sling, then we recommend replacing the entire sling rather then cutting it down. There are too many variables involved.
Please let me know if you have any further questions.
Thanks,
Henry

Eduardo Aguilar April 21, 2013 at 10:21 am

Hello’
I have a question regarding to a derrick boom winch line, if the winch wire rope is damaged can we cut the line 30 ft of wire or we need to removed it from service. The tag is not available on the wire rope as well. I no for a fact that it requires a tag/label as per osha, but my safety concern is the wire rope, if we cut line would it have the same load capacity.

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna April 15, 2013 at 9:30 pm

Hello Ron,
Thank you for your interest in synthetic sling standards.
The standard that applies to synthetic slings is: “Recommended Standard Specification for Synthetic Web Slings” WSTDA-WS-1.
This standard is published by the Web Sling Tie Down Association, in this standard you will find all of the criteria for inspection, use & care of synthetic slings.
The standard is available from WSTDA for a fee & can be downloaded from their web site, http://www.wstda.com/about/index.cfm
I hope this answers your question.

Henry

ron miller April 12, 2013 at 5:22 pm

what is the standerd on the use of synthetic slings?

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna April 20, 2012 at 11:57 am

Renier,
Thank you for your question. Here is our response:
Columbus McKinnon Corporation manufactures chain slings in accordance with ASME B30.9. Unfortunately the standard does not cover testing of a chain sling during a periodic inspection.
If the chain slings that you have are manufactured by Columbus McKinnon, our recommendation for testing is 125%. I hope this information helps you.
Thank you again for taking the time to research a question that came up within your organization.

Have a safe day,
Henry Brozyna

Renier Holscher April 19, 2012 at 12:54 am

We are doing every 6 months a load test with a test bench on all the rigging equipment.
It happened that you cant see a crack on a farrel, but after the load test we pick it up.
We are testing on 50% more than the SWL. Please advice if we must use 10%,25% or 50%.
Thank you for this good safety talk.
Regards,
Renier

Henry Brozyna Henry Brozyna March 6, 2012 at 1:28 pm

Calvin,
Thank you for your comment. We appreciate all comments to our blog. Our goals are the same, to make the industry as safe as possible. We look forward to hearing from you on a future posting. Thanks again!

Overhead Crane Blogger March 5, 2012 at 2:52 pm

This is a great article. Thanks for posting. I too wrote a similar article on the same topic last year. It is something we should all be talking about because new changes need to be brought to peoples attention and the more we are talking about it the more people it will reach.

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