Paying Attention to Detail when Operating a Hoist

Paying Attention to Detail when Operating a Hoist

Hoist Photo

Most hoistrelated accidents that occurred in North America could have easily been prevented by simply ensuring that users were properly trained on the operation, safe rigging, inspection and maintenance procedures of the hoist.  Training of operators isn’t just the smart thing to do, it’s also necessary.  OSHA requires that only qualified persons operate hoist systems and recognizes training as the way to establish qualified employees.  Do not look at training as an expense but as an investment in cost reduction by decreasing injuries, reducing product malfunctions and increasing productivity.  Whenever you lift, make sure you do the job right, from your initial inspection to the end of the lifting operation.

PPE Requirements
Before you start, you should use all the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)  normally required for a work area, including eye and hand protection and wearing a hard hat.  Any time a load is lifted above 5 feet or shoulder height, there is a greater risk of head injury.  Wearing a hard hat will minimize the risk.

Pre-Operational Checks
Users should follow pre-operation inspection and preparation procedures to identify potential problems, reduce the chances of accidents, and enhance the safety of their work environment.  OSHA 1910.179(j)(2) defines the activities performed for frequent inspections (daily).  The five components of this inspection are:

  • All function operating mechanisms for maladjustment or excessive wear;
  • Air or hydraulic systems for deterioration or leakage;
  • Hooks for deformation or cracks;
  • Hoist chains for excessive wear, twisting, distorted or stretched links; and
  • Rope reeving for noncompliance with manufacturers’ recommendations.

For additional hand hoist and lever tool inspection requirements please read the following two standards which are available for purchase: ASME B30.16 (underhung hoist)  and ASME B30.21 (lever tools).
See the Pre-Operational check list in these documents or below.

Hoist Pre-Operational Inspection Check List

The full version of the above article was published in the November/December 2008 issue of Industrial Lift and Hoist magazine. To view the published article click here .

Peter Cooke
Peter Cooke is a Training Manager specializing in Rigging & Load Securement for Columbus McKinnon Corporation.

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