Shackle Inspection Checklist: Six Items to Inspect Before Use

Shackle Inspection Checklist: Six Items to Inspect Before Use

Improper use or care of shackles can result in serious accidents that not only injure employees but damage property as well. To avoid this, shackle inspection is critical. In accordance with ASME B30.26, shackles should be visually inspected before every use.

If any of these six conditions are apparent during shackle inspection, the shackle should be discarded and replaced.

Condition 1:

Any part of the shackle is worn more than 10 percent of the original dimensions. If this happens, it typically means that the physical size of the shackle is smaller, therefore it cannot handle the rated load and becomes dangerous to use.

shackle inspection
Example of a Worn Shackle

Condition 2:

The shackle has excessive pitting, corrosion, nicks or gouges. If a shackle has excessive pitting, that is usually a sign of corrosion. When this happens, material is being lost and the shackle dimensionally becomes smaller. Therefore, it cannot handle its rated capacity. Similarly, nicks and gouges are an intrusion on the original dimensions of the shackle and create a stress raiser on the shackle. Material is moved or removed from the shackle, making it smaller in size and unable to handle the rated load.

Condition 3:

Load bearing components are bent, twisted, distorted, stretched, elongated, cracked or broken.

shackle inspection
Example of a Bent Shackle

Condition 4:

Indication of heat damage. When shackles are manufactured, they go through a heat treatment process. Therefore, being exposed to heat in the field can reverse that process and weaken the shackle. Heat damage can be difficult to see, but there are a few key items to look for:

  • Blue or straw discoloration of the shackle material
  • Weld spatter. When weld spatter lands on the shackle, the heat from that molten dot of metal is immediately transferred to the shackle, changing the properties of that shackle.

Condition 5:

Missing or illegible manufacturer’s name or trademark, working load limit or size. Every CM shackle is forged with the CM logo, its body or diameter size, trace code, USA, “Forged” and its specified working load limit. These markings should be visible on the shackle.

Condition 6:

Load pins are bent or have visibly damaged threads. When load pins are bent, the pin has gone past its elastic limit. If the product continues to be used, there is a higher chance of a dropped load, which can injure operators and cause property damage. Damaged threads mean that the pin is not making 100% engagement with the shackle. This can lead to a failure of the shackle.

For more information on shackle inspection and safe shackle use, check out the following:

Nine Important Rules to Follow When Using Shackles
Shackle Markings, Materials, and Appropriate Standards
New CM Shackle Markings and Pins Lead to Improved Operator Safety
Customer Concerns over Recommended Shackle Pin Length

Henry Brozyna

Henry Brozyna is a Corporate Trainer specializing in Rigging & Load Securement for Columbus McKinnon Corporation.

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4 Replies to “Shackle Inspection Checklist: Six Items to Inspect Before Use”

  1. Hello Capt. Adilson Cristovao,

    Thank you for your question. Shackles are covered under ASME B30.26. One of the rejection criteria is weld/modifications.
    Below is an excerpt from ASME B30.26. As you can see line (b) would require the shackle be removed from service.
    I would like to indicate to you that there are weldable attachments that can be used. I would suggest contacting a manufacturer’s representative for more information.

    26-1.8.5 Removal Criteria
    Shackles shall be removed from service if conditions such as the following are present and shall only be returned to service when approved by a qualified
    person:
    (a) missing or illegible identification
    (b) indications of heat damage, including weld spatter or arc strikes
    (c) excessive pitting or corrosion
    (d) bent, twisted, distorted, stretched, elongated, cracked, or broken load-bearing components
    (e) excessive nicks or gouges
    (f) a 10% reduction of the original or catalog dimension at any point around the body or pin
    (g) incomplete pin engagement
    (h) excessive thread damage
    (i) evidence of unauthorized welding or modification
    (j) other conditions, including visible damage, that cause doubt as to the continued use of the shackle

    26-1.8.6 Repairs and Modifications
    (a) Repairs, alterations, or modifications shall be as specified by the shackle manufacturer or a qualified person.
    (b) Replacement parts, such as pins, shall meet or exceed the original equipment manufacturer’s specifications.

    Henry

  2. Hi Henry,
    I work for an offshore company in West Africa and there’s a lot of anchor handling activities that take place.
    Recently, I noted, in one of our operations – inspection of standby buoy systems- our contractor tack welded the shackle.
    Is that an allowed practice? are there any guidelines and/or industry standard that allow/rejects this?

    Regards,
    Capt. Adilson Cristovao

  3. Material or Heavy weight industrial must be note down above point. thanks for sharing christie and henry.

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